What Does the Parathyroid Gland Do?
Parathyroid glands control the calcium in our entire body. Each person has 4 parathyroid glands that are roughly the size of a grain of rice. Patients who are diagnosed with hyperparathyroidism usually have one gland that has grown in to a tumor and now produces too much hormone (PTH). This makes it hard for the other glands to do their job and thus, the adenoma must be removed.
When one or more of the parathyroid glands produce too much PTH, the excess hormone removes calcium from the bones and adds it to your blood. The excess calcium in the blood is what causes sickness. Symptoms of primary hyperparathyroidism include osteoporosis (thin bones), bone pain, kidney stones, and abdominal discomfort. Osteoporosis is caused by excessive action of osteoclasts, which are cells that break down bone tissue. This in turn may lead to bone pain and even fractures. Kidney stones are also caused from excessive calcium in the kidney and urine.
PTH also affects the mind and mental health. An excess of PTH can be associated with feeling of anxiety and fatigue. Other symptoms include sleep difficulty, headaches, difficulty concentrating and depression.