What are the Parathyroid Glands?

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The parathyroid glands are four glands located behind the thyroid gland. They are the smallest gland in your body – approximately the size of a grain of rice.

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What Is Hyperparathyroidism?

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There are two main types of hyperparathyroidism. The term hyperparathyroidism generally refers to primary hyperparathyroidism, a condition where a parathyroid tumor (adenoma) that secretes excessive parathyroid hormone.

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What are the Symptoms of Hyperparathyroidism?

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Symptoms of primary hyperparathyroidism include osteoporosis, bone pain, kidney stones, and feelings of anxiety and fatigue, amongst others.

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What are the Causes of Hyperparathyroidism?

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Primary Hyperparathyroidism is most commonly caused by an overactive parathyroid gland producing excessive parathyroid hormone (PTH), resulting in an elevated calcium level in the blood.

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How is Hyperparathyroidism Diagnosed?

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Blood tests for parathyroid hormone levels and calcium levels are usually used to diagnose primary hyperparathyroidism. Hyperparathyroidism is usually first suspected after a blood test that revels an elevated calcium level.

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Is Surgery Necessary?

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Surgery is the only way to effectively treat primary hyperparathyroidism. Medications will not cure the condition.

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