What are the Parathyroid Glands?
The parathyroid glands are four glands located behind the thyroid gland. They are the smallest gland in your body – approximately the size of a grain of rice.
What Is Hyperparathyroidism?
There are two main types of hyperparathyroidism. The term hyperparathyroidism generally refers to primary hyperparathyroidism, a condition where a parathyroid tumor (adenoma) that secretes excessive parathyroid hormone.
What are the Symptoms of Hyperparathyroidism?
Symptoms of primary hyperparathyroidism include osteoporosis, bone pain, kidney stones, and feelings of anxiety and fatigue, amongst others.
What are the Causes of Hyperparathyroidism?
Primary Hyperparathyroidism is most commonly caused by an overactive parathyroid gland producing excessive parathyroid hormone (PTH), resulting in an elevated calcium level in the blood.
How is Hyperparathyroidism Diagnosed?
Blood tests for parathyroid hormone levels and calcium levels are usually used to diagnose primary hyperparathyroidism. Hyperparathyroidism is usually first suspected after a blood test that revels an elevated calcium level.
Is Surgery Necessary?
Surgery is the only way to effectively treat primary hyperparathyroidism. Medications will not cure the condition.